Underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) have become among the most interesting research areas, since they open
the door wide to researchers to conduct research in this field. There are so many issues in underwater sensor
networks. The most serious issue is the void region that degrades the performance of networks. It is an issue,
where a node doesn’t have any forwarder node to forward the packets to another node. Here, the objective of
this work is to avoid the void region. For the same purpose, this work proposes an algorithm named “An
Energy-Efficient Quality of Service (QoS) Based Void Avoidance Routing Technique”. The proposed work uses
two-hop node information to avoid the problem of void region. This approach uses depth information, distance
to next, holding time and residual energy as Quality of Service (QoS) parameters in order to find the best
forwarder node to forward the data packets to their destination. The proposed algorithm has been implemented
in MATLAB. Results show a better performance in terms of packet delivery ratio, energy tax and number of dead
nodes as compared to Energy-Efficient Void Avoidance Routing Scheme for Underwater Wireless Sensor
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